What are Sleep Disorders?

A sleep disorder generally is the recurring disruption in sleep patterns and habits. Signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness, headache and confusion upon waking, trouble falling and staying asleep, falling asleep at inappropriate times, chronic fatigue/non-refreshing sleep, leg cramps, snoring, irregular heartbeat during the night and irregular sleep habits. Sleep disorders affect both men and women.

The Hallmark Health Sleep Medicine Center diagnoses and treats the full range of sleep disorders including:

•  Sleep apnea

•  Excessive snoring

•  Narcolepsy

•  Chronic insomnia

•  Circadian rhythm abnormalities

•  Limb movement disorder

•  Night terrors and sleep paralysis

•  Restless legs syndrome

Obstructive sleep apnea and associated risks

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most commonly known sleep disorder. Sleep apnea occurs when breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious condition. It can play a major role in increasing risk for a number of disease states including hypertension, cardiovascular disease and stroke, and is associated with obesity, night-time heart attacks, drug-resistant hypertension, congestive heart failure and more.

Specific symptoms of sleep apnea include loud snoring, excessive tiredness, someone observing you not breathing during sleep, and having or being treated for high blood pressure. Also, if you are a male age 50 or older, have a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30, and/or neck circumference of 40 cm (collar size 17), your risk may be greater.

Additional information about sleep disorders is available at the Health Library Sleep Center pages.


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